Fundamental Principles of Young’s Communicative Democracy
A deliberative democracy is a form of government based on democratic principles where before decision-making is done, there is deliberation and debate over which is the best decision that is to progress. In this model, consensus is a major priority; hence, the final decision is reached after majority voting. In this model of democracy, deliberation is not free and fair of bias and ought to be information based.
The first principle of deliberative democracy is that before decision making is reached, the participants or the decision makers should have accurate and relevant information – this is what is required of them. This information could be garnered from the relevant subject at hand, through investigation and collection of data before being presented to the participants (Young 125). The second principle is that on deliberation, there should be a comparison and contrast of the different data and information available. Furthermore, all data should have its supporting evidence for it to pass the test (Kymlicks, Miller and Ryan 120).
Communicative Democracy versus Deliberative Democracy
Once the participants get the information and data, after they go through it and understand its ramifications and what it represents there is open dialogue. This concerns what the participants think about it and they debate before a final decision is reached. The third principle is that the information available should be from different circles and should be diverse instead of being from one source. This is the fundamental principle of communicative democracy (Young 132).
The participants should get as much information as possible on that subject. This aims to avoid bias, unlike in deliberative democracy, to ensure that they reach all levels available and they address the problem openly. The risk of getting information from only one area is that it may not cover the wishes of those people in different places experiencing the same problem. This is in communicative manner and the decision made will not be far-reaching.
The fourth principle of communicative democracies is that those involved should debate and weigh all the arguments brought forward and should not pass others as irrelevant. Participants should respect the views of others and seek to understand them instead of challenging the same. The communicative model of democracy seeks an open forum where each viewpoint is considered as well as the pros and cons of an argument before a final decision is made (Young 134).
The fifth principle is that of equal consideration where the views brought forward are deliberated and decisions made based on evidence. In the deliberative model, it is the person who is bringing views forward all influential at the end of the debate. The communicative democracy seeks to avoid dictatorial tendencies and each party before the panel is assumed and held equal.
In decision-making, the decision made is binding since it has been deliberated and debated and time has been taken to reach the decision. Finally, all participants openly support or refuse the decision. The Republican model of democracy is not purely communicative as such since many a times they support decisions that are not informative. These have not been taken across the board, since these are Republicans views. However, many a times these are binding and they follow them to the end (Kymlicks, Miller and Ryan 89). The liberal model of democracy is more deliberative since they are open-minded to varying decisions and they are able to support different views, debate on them and come to a final decision.
Young’s communicative democracy advocates for a democracy that is more than deliberative and is representational (Kymlicks, Miller and Ryan 119). It is, instead, one that is inclusive and adaptable to the ever-changing scene of the political climate. Young argues that deliberative democracies are running out of time with decisions changing so often and deliberations are long and cumbersome. There is need for communicative democracies where decisions are inclusive of all the people and are communicated quickly. Communicative democracies help in making decisions timely, being able to change with changes in the landscape…
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