Why Are People with Borderline Personality Seen as Devils?
Borderline disorder is a type of mental disorder that affects many people of different ages. It can be very dangerous not only for the afflicted person but others around them. Individuals with this illness can hardly control their emotions and thoughts, will make impulsive and irresponsible decisions and actions, and have complicated relations with others and troubles with regular communication. Furthermore, their behavior can be suicidal. They need professional help, treatment, and compelling support. People with borderline disorder, if it is required, should be confined in mental homes. Regarding safety, they can cause harm to themselves or others, break their social relationship, and lose connection with reality.
There are many causes and symptoms of borderline disorders. They could be biological, genetic, psychological, social factors, or even brain abnormalities. Some examples are a rough childhood, war, an experience of torture, stressful situations, and other complexes. Losing parents, physical or mental abuse, or ignorance can have an awful impact in childhood, which leads to disease development in the future. It is evident that the environment has a high impact. That is why it is a meaningful social problem and society might take attention to it to be able to provide appropriate help. If people are not acquainted with the symptoms, they can easily damage any connection with the sick. “The borderline personality disorder is characterized by impulsivity and instability of mood, relationships, and self-image. People with this disorder may experience brief psychotic symptoms when under perceived stress. They feel bored and empty and may exhibit inappropriate anger” (Austrian, 2012).
Individuals with borderline disorder have a fragmented image of self. That is why they have a deep need for a union which often they reject. Borderline personality disorder can be diagnosed with new mental diseases. Many people in that state have problems with alcohol and narcotics. Considering the behavioral problems caused by illness, in part, the inability to accept the condition itself, the danger and aggressiveness of action, or the care of relatives or friends, treatment can be involuntary at first. It is relevant to the matter because “while BPD is often associated with self-harm behavior, such as cutting, burning, or scratching oneself, individuals with this Axis II disorder may also funnel their aggression into the external environment” (Sansone & Sansone, 2012).
There are many effective ways to treat borderline disorder and also many institutions and organizations which direct, develop, diagnose, and put into practice various types of care during illness. Some examples: the National Institute for Mental Health (NIMH), New England Personality Disorder Association (NEPDA), The Linehan Institute Behavioral Tech mental health program and borderline personality disorder treatment centers. Nevertheless, the treatment is troublesome, challenging, and time-consuming. The primary and most common types of treatment are psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. Treating deviations associated with unstable and impulsive behavior, emotional distortions, rage, depression, and panic is very difficult. This can be dangerous and directly for the therapist. “Specific therapies for borderline personality disorder, therefore, developed through modification of existing techniques” (Borderline Personality Disorder, 2009). Some of these are dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), cognitive analytic therapy (CAT), and interpersonal therapy (IPT). Pharmacological treatment is also a good alternative, especially in case of a crisis, but “the crisis is usually time-limited and can be expected to resolve itself irrespective of drug treatment” (2009). Group therapy and anger management seem helpful too. The awareness of the sick that they can help themselves with various practices like meditation or simple physical activity is essential.
Mental homes have developed a bad and even dreadful reputation, especially in mass culture. This is why people may have a lack of confidence in them. Mental homes and psychiatric hospitals treat people with mental illnesses of a different kind of complexity, and one of the main goals at the beginning is trying to establish trust with the patient. Although the treatment is burdensome and can be long, the patient can not lose hope.
In conclusion, borderline disorder affects a significant number of people. It is a delicate and troublesome mental illness. It is not only psychological but a social problem that includes responsibility and the need to disseminate information about it, as the primary cause of borderline disorder is social and environmental factors. Bad parenting and childhood traumas have tremendous influence. The person with this illness has a complex combination of symptoms that affect everyone. This disorder includes the inability to control emotions, reactive actions directed at themselves and others, and depressed states that lead to suicidal behavior. As a result, there are reasons to argue that in certain crisis situations, people with borderline disorder should be confined in mental homes in terms of safety. Doing this against the will of the patient should be done only in extreme cases, to make them aware of this condition and the desire to undergo treatment or to at least survive the crisis.
Austrian, S. (2012). Mental disorders, medications, and clinical social work. 3rd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, p.175.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (Great Britain) (2009). Borderline Personality Disorder: The Nice Guideline on Treatment and Management. The British Psychological Society and The Royal College of Psychiatrists, pp.25-26.
Sansone, Randy A., and Lori A. Sansone. (2012). “Borderline Personality and Externalized Aggression.” Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, Matrix Medical Communications, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3342993/. Accessed 30 Aug. 2017.