“Morality is included in all spheres of public life due to the ability of man and society to expose the moral assessment of all aspects of social life (economic, political, spiritual, and so on), and to give moral support to the economic, political, religious, scientific, aesthetic and other purposes.
There are some rules, requiring from human the service to society. Their appearance and existence are dictated by objective necessity of collective life.
Moral acts in the society as a set of three structural elements: moral activity, moral relations and moral consciousness.
Moral consciousness has some stereotype of human behavior, which is recognized by the society as the best at this moment in history. The existence of morality can be interpreted as public recognition of the fact that the life and interests of the individual are guaranteed only if solid unity of society as a whole is provided. Thus, morality can be considered as manifestation of the collective will of the people, which, through a system of requirements, estimates and rules tries to reconcile the interests of individuals to each other and to the interests of society as a whole.
Unlike other manifestations of the spiritual life of society (science, art, religion) the moral is not the sphere of organized activities. There are no such institutions in a society, which would ensure the functioning and development of morality. That is why, it is impossible to manage the development of morality in the usual sense of the word. If we put some money into the development of science, art, over time we could expect tangible results. In case with morality, it is impossible. Morality is comprehensive and elusive at the same time.
Moral requirements and assessment permeate all spheres of human life and activity.
Most moral requirements appeals not to the outside of expediency, but to the moral duty. They have the form of an imperative (direct and unconditional command). People have been convinced that the strict implementation of moral rules do not always lead to success in life, however morality continues to insist on strict compliance with its requirements. We can explain this phenomenon only in one way: only in the scale of the whole society, the total execution of a moral prescription acquires its full meaning and meets certain social needs.
Bartels D. M., Medin, D. L. “Are Morally-motivated Decision Makers Insensitive to the Consequences of Their Choices?”. 2007
Rachel S.J. “Elements of moral philosophy”. 2009″
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