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Critical Analysis Essay Example on Literature

Why Literature Matters in the 21-st Century?

“A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies, said Jojen. The man who never reads lives only one.”

This is a famous quote by George R.R. Martin which rhymes with advocacy of other great leaders like Napoleon, Mahatma Gandhi, Socrates praising literature and its importance in the benefit of mankind and spreading peace in the world. But as a matter of the fact that none of the productive workers feel the need for literature in this ever-changing world. There are plenty of real-world examples, which are highly successful in their respective field with very little or no knowledge of literature. Literature is necessarily the spice of life, not a necessity. There are various reasons why it is essential amongst different age groups, especially young adults.


Literature reflects the vision of others’ lives and panorama. One of the many benefits is to expand reader’s thoughts like in Alice in Wonderland. She fantasies to be in a different world. While reading one empathizes in others world and expands his own pages of life (Gillespie). Readers sail in the boat of narration to different places, into past, present, and future, through various culture and religion, caste creed and sex. Fiction such as Harry Potter can greatly help in shaping young children’s future as they may not fight evil trolls and wizards, but they could face challenges where they will need friends’ help or help them instead as Harry Potter. They may not see themselves defend in an unwinnable trial, but they can appreciate the importance of standing up for what they believe in.

Literature helps lending someone else’s pair of eyes and thus looking solely through their point of view as shown by Shakespeare’s stories which point on both right and wrong, evil and good.

Human Experience

Business writing is all about facts, data, figures, and statistics whereas literature is to experience and participate life. It makes issues come alive for the readers to experience.
It is rightly said that the death toll is a figure for analysis in business, but literature reader feels the tragedy of loss.


It’s a common convention that science and literature are two mutually exclusive fields. Well on the contrary, bibliotherapy, a process of using books to help those suffering from mental disorders, surely exposes the failed conceived notion about the misconception.

History and Civics

The sharp decline in young readers has resulted in a lack of ideas of democracy. The threatening aspect is that they lack historical, political as well as civil awareness (Roche). 21st-century requires innovation and creativity for its growth in the economy at the same time aggressive reading habits along with imagination is required which is nurtured by literary reading.


Literature has been actively taken up by passive activities such as watching TV or DVDs or even surfing the web. Reading is a highly active activity and requires constant and intensive attention along with high usage of memory with imagination.

If all of these conditions sustain to persist for a longer duration, then this will result in less informed citizens. Our nation will become less informed, inactive, and dependent-minded. These are the qualities that a free, innovative, or productive society can’t afford to lose. The history will diminish if similar conditions persist.

Thus literature acts as a promoter for education, culture, and history.

Rest is evident with the fact how Greeks were one of the earliest civilization and used to rule the ancient world as they produced renowned and talented academicians and writers with the likes of Socrates, Herodotus, Homer, Aristotle and so on.

Works Cited

Martin, George R. R. A Dance with Dragons. Bantam Books, 2017.
Roche, Mark. “Why Literature Matters in the 21st Century.” Oct. 2004, doi:10.12987/yale/9780300104493.001.0001.
Gillespie, Tim. “Why Literature Matters.” The English Journal, vol. 83, no. 8, 1994, pp. 16–21. JSTOR,

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