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Finance Research Topics

We think the following research topics in finance are a great resource for students of finance.Sometimes you just don’t know what to write about in your paper. But with this list, you should find a topic that sparks your interest and that you can use to craft an excellent essay.

research topics in finance

Financial research topics for college students

  1. The essence and effect of financial leverage.
  2. Budgetary sources of investment projects.
  3. Application of the insider trading methodology.
  4. Municipality revenue estimate for 2024.
  5. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the formation and use of the funds of the mandatory medical insurance fund.
  6. Fixed capital: composition, structure, sources of financing.
  7. Financial instruments for stimulating investment activity.
  8. Income of the organization and its types.
  9. Corporation control activity system: objects of control, goals, tasks, stages, methods.
  10. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the formation and use of organizational assets.
  11. Budget financing of environmental activities.
  12. Fundamentals of functioning and prospects for the development of depository activities in the USA.
  13. Insurance and its role in economic development.
  14. The essence of finance as an economic category. The concept of signs and functions of finance.
  15. Problems of formation of local budgets in modern conditions.

Interesting finance topics

  1. Financial and economic mechanism of public procurement.
  2. Comparative analysis of insurance and state pensions.
  3. State financial control and its organization.
  4. Financial mechanism and its role in the implementation of financial policy.
  5. Fundamentals of functioning of municipal finance.
  6. Financial systems of foreign countries, their advantages and disadvantages.
  7. Tender as a way to optimize costs in an organization.
  8. Exchange rate and factors influencing its formation.
  9. Does digital financial inclusion reduce the risk of falling back into poverty?
  10. Characteristics of the modern financial market as a mechanism for the redistribution of financial resources.
  11. Gold reserves of the USA: principles of formation, structure, sufficiency criteria and the problem of use.
  12. The banking system and the main trends in its development.
  13. Functions of finance, their development in modern conditions.
  14. The procedure for the rehabilitation of clients of credit institutions.
  15. Budget deficit and its regulation, sources of financing the budget deficit.
  16. The procedure for the formation of the federal budget.
  17. Factoring as a way of financing under the assignment of financial claims.
  18. Public debt, the problem of its management.
  19. International financial organizations, the purpose of their activities.

World finance research paper topics

  1. The USA in the system of world financial relations.
  2. Revenues and expenditures of the budgets of the constituent entities of France.
  3. Formation of the federal budget in the modern world.
  4. London School of financial science and its representatives.
  5. The problem of investment processes in Germany.
  6. Money circulation of Japan and methods of its regulation.
  7. Credit and financial relations between the USA and the world community.
  8. Financial instruments to combat unemployment – American practice.
  9. Compulsory state insurance and its development in the USA.
  10. Management of revenues and expenses of the budget in developing countries.
  11. Comparative assessment of the system of social payments in the USA and foreign countries.
  12. Features of the financial market in Spain.
  13. Topical issues of development of the global gold market.
  14. The impact of finance on the economy in the world.
  15. Features of budgetary financing of the healthcare sector in the USA and foreign countries.
  16. The role of cryptocurrency in international financial relations.
  17. Efficiency and stability of the country’s banking system: US and Europe practice.
  18. Money in the national and world economy.
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Interesting financial topics about taxes

  1. Tax and non-tax revenues of the local budget.
  2. Tax system of the USA: principles of construction and ways of improvement.
  3. Principles of building tax systems in developed countries.
  4. Tax forecasting, its characteristics and scope.
  5. Tax policy as an integral part of financial policy.
  6. The role of taxes in the organization’s activities.
  7. Taxes of the organization: their analysis and optimization.
  8. Taxes as a tool for optimizing the economic growth of the country.
  9. Analysis of the tax system in the USA.
  10. New tools for making the tax system more efficient.
  11. Features of the application of tax methods for regulating sectoral proportions
  12. The tax policy of the enterprise and its impact on the financial performance of the organization.
  13. Land tax: history of occurrence, procedure for calculation and payment, development trends in the USA.
  14. Tax revenues of the federal budget, analysis of their dynamics and structure.
  15. National tax base and tax potential of regions and municipalities.
  16. Ways to ensure the fulfillment of tax obligations.

Interesting topics in finance of enterprises

  1. Development of financial elements of the enterprise development strategy.
  2. Outsourcing as a factor in increasing the efficiency of an enterprise.
  3. Problems and ways to improve the financial performance of the enterprise.
  4. The financial cycle of the enterprise and methods of optimization in modern conditions.
  5. Financial planning of the corporation.
  6. Bankruptcy of enterprises and its use in the financial policy of the state.
  7. State instruments for financing enterprises.
  8. Investment activity of the corporation and its state regulation.
  9. International aspects of corporate finance management.
  10. The efficiency of the financial activity of the enterprise and the main methods of its improvement.
  11. Organization of current financial planning at the enterprise.
  12. Analysis of the financial and economic activities of a joint-stock company.
  13. The main functions of planning and budgeting at an enterprise.
  14. Methods of financial control in the financial management of organizations.
  15. Ways to increase profits in the enterprise.
  16. Problems and ways to improve the financing of working capital of an enterprise.
  17. Analysis of the financial condition of the enterprise and ways to prevent insolvency (bankruptcy).
  18. Fixed capital management and investment policy of the company.
  19. Long-term financing of the organization: tools and procedures.
  20. Analysis of the financial performance of the organization.

Other financial research paper topics

  1. Types and methods of financial planning in business.
  2. The main directions of the budget policy of the USA for 2024-2025.
  3. How to avoid crises, and if they have already come, how to get out of them.
  4. National income and investment.
  5. Technologies of exchange trading in securities and ways to improve them in the USA.
  6. Classical theory of finance: main representatives and their works.
  7. Corporate financial management functions in corporate structures of various types.
  8. Finance as a tool for regulating the economy.
  9. Modern trends in corporate finance: new technologies in reducing the company’s operating costs.
  10. The impact of an organization’s creditworthiness on its financial position.
  11. The impact of savings, investment, and government policies on the loan market.
  12. State budget as an instrument of economic policy.
  13. Current issues of public debt management.
  14. Peculiarities of formation of municipal budget expenditures.
  15. Budget violations and budget enforcement measures.
  16. Development of financial forecasts of an economic entity.
  17. Determination of the possibility of providing an interbank loan, taking into account the financial position of the counterparty.
  18. Financial instruments to combat unemployment: an analysis of American practice.
  19. Procedures for operational financial work in the enterprise.
  20. The budget system of the USA, the principles of its construction and functioning.

How to choose a topic for a financial research paper

People who are already immersed in scientific activity know that choosing the right topic for a research paper on finance is already a bid for victory. A hot topic will surely attract the attention of your teacher and help you to get a good grade. Your paper should be of academic interest.

In order for the chosen research topic to achieve the desired result and not cause you too many headaches in the process, it is first of all necessary to determine the main vectors of research in finance topics. It means that you should, among other things, identify existing problems in theory and practice, and show possible solutions (reflected in other people’s works or originating in your head).

Let’s consider some of the criteria to follow when choosing a topic for a finance paper.

Research paper type

Based on how much the student is immersed in finance (or more specifically, the topic under study), papers can be theoretical, practical, and mixed. Thus, for example, for those who are “at the start” and do not yet have a background in finance and real-life examples to illustrate from practice, it will be useful to hone their writing skills on papers devoted to theoretical issues. For those who are in the process of research, practical papers will be very useful – they can highlight ongoing research without formulating specific conclusions and recommendations. For those who are already at the final stage of study and are ready to share with the masses the features of the study and its results, a mixed finance research paper may be the most interesting option.

To better understand everything, consider all types of papers in more detail:

1. A theoretical paper is a paper based on current literature. As a rule, such papers reveal the following questions:

  • a retrospective of the issue under study and prospects for its further study
  • research methodology. Here you can both analyze the applied methodology (disclose the advantages and disadvantages), and resort to comparative studies (comparative analysis)
  • coverage of global processes that influenced the object of study
  • discussion of discoveries from a different point of view. Sometimes new methods of study and new data allow us to discover new aspects of those issues that have already been studied.

2. A practical paper is a paper that is based on field research, laboratory research, practical results of the enterprise, and more. Practical research is aimed at studying a program for data analysis, technology, research methods, process forecasting models, etc.

3. A mixed financial research paper combines the practical and theoretical aspects of the issue under study. As a rule, it is written by those who are already at the final stage of the study. This fundamental work contains the historical prerequisites for the study of a particular issue, the available data (the results of previous studies), the analysis of the data obtained in the course of your own research, etc.

Availability of scientific research

The chosen topic of a finance research paper should correspond to the topic of scientific research (if there is such research). If this is not the case, then, on the one hand, it is easier – you need not limit yourself and can conduct research in any direction. On the other hand, it will be somewhat more difficult to formulate the topic (and you will have to pick up more literature and carefully study it – and there will be few ideas about the problem in this case).

What should be considered when choosing a topic?

When choosing a topic, the following points should be taken into account: relevance, novelty, significance of the work, feasibility, breadth of coverage, and one’s own interest in the topic.

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