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How To Write An Argumentative Essay

Starting from an application to an educational institution, students frequently get tasks to write an essay. An essay is a text that is at least 800-1,000 words long that is written according to an appropriate structure. There are different types of essays, and an argumentative essay is one of the most popular among them. This article will provide you with detailed guidelines on how to write an argumentative essay step by step.

What is an argumentative essay?

Let’s begin by focusing on the subject. An argumentative essay is one of the typical essay types requiring a writer to highlight some critical points in the text. It is vital to state the author’s own opinion on the current subject or event and convince readers to agree with author’s views. To create a brilliant argumentative essay, writers must possess an appropriate level of expertise in a particular field and skill in argumentative writing.

There are the following argumentative essay types:

  • Personal. The main arguments are concentrated around the author’s personal position. It would help if you considered the genesis of the central thesis when writing a personal argumentative essay. The evidence and supporting arguments must be strong and based on real facts. Consider sources and rely on them.
  • Persuasive. This type of argumentative essay requires stating the author’s point of view from the beginning and convincing readers in different ways. It is needed to discuss other points of view, especially those opposed to the author’s opinion.
  • Research. This essay is written after a broad investigation of different external sources. The main goal is to find strong support for the main thesis from different angles. A particular amount of citations must support each argument.
  • Analysis. When creating an analysis argumentative essay, an author focuses on other authors’ thoughts and opinions. The principal analysis must be done on the particular type of sources, usually on other essays. The goal of such an essay is to investigate the sources, define their accordance to such criteria as persuasiveness, presentation of arguments, and overall style, and give the author’s opinion on the result of the analysis.

How to structure an argumentative essay

Remember that the engagement of the readership will depend on how you will structure the text. As building a house needs a fundament, a good essay needs a structure. Skills on how to structure an argumentative essay make it easier to write it. A good outline saves the time and energy of writers that in turn boosts their creativity. Here are the elements that form a structure of an argumentative essay:

  • Introduction
  • Main body
  • Conclusion

Regardless of what type of argumentative essay you are assigned to create, your text must include the sections mentioned above. It is vital to supply each section with drafts and data related to the particular section when outlining. Also, try to define the initial amount of paragraphs for the main body and add a short thesis for each paragraph.

How to write an argumentative essay

Begin writing an argumentative essay with the preparation stage. It requires developing your unique opinion on a set subject. It is possible only if you will gather all the facts related to the topic. A quality investigation of the subject will make it possible for you to provide your position to the audience concisely.

After you have done the research, you can start writing your essay according to the outline.

1. An introduction is a vital part of an argument essay that defines whether the reader will go through the whole text or not. You need to be aware of how to start an argumentative essay effectively and draw your reader’s attention. A key element of an argumentative essay introduction is a thesis statement.

How to write a thesis statement. Your goal is to transform a topic into a question (if it was not already formulated in the form of a question) and then answer this question with the help of arguments. An effective thesis statement touches on debatable issues and problems that can be taken from different angles. A working approach to writing a thesis statement is to provide your opinion and support it with three main ideas. Your thesis statement should be concise, clear, and arguable.

2. The main body. The biggest section in the argumentative essay structure is the main body. To make it useful, choose a confrontational writing approach to defend your thesis statement. The following three most widely used argumentative writing models are sufficient enough to make your argumentative essay successful:

Toulmin approach

Since Toulmin is the most popular method for academic papers, it is prevalent. The main goal of argumentative writing with the Toulmin approach is to build a strong connection between the grounds that support your side and your claims. To follow the Toulmin method, it is vital to make four steps while defending each of your arguments:

1) State your point of view briefly.
2) Bring the evidence to support your point of view.
3) Spell out how the evidence relates to your point of view and how it supports it.
4) Bring possible refutations and contradictions that may appear in terms of your point of view and its grounds.

Rogerian approach

This approach includes four essential steps that you have to apply to each of your arguments in aim to convince your audience to join your side:

1) Start with overlooking the opposite point of view. Investigate the arguments of people holding the opposite point of view and provide them briefly.
2) Define and show to the audience the problems and weak points of the opposite position.
3) Present your point of view confronting the opinion mentioned above. Show how your position relates to the main problem of an essay topic.
4) Brainstorm on the ideas of how to find an alternative solution that might involve both points of view. Find and present the benefits of those ideas.

Aristotelian or Classical approach

This is the less widespread approach to argumentative writing; however, it has a lot of potential. According to this approach, the writer should use such elements as logos, ethos, and pathos to support his or her point of view:

1) Ethos of credibility. It is about your credibility as an author whose thoughts are worth the attention of the audience.
2) Logos. It is connected to logical framework between real facts and evidence and your statements as an author. Logos determines the author’s vision in connection to a particular subject.
3) Pathos. When it comes to pathos, the main thing to consider is the emotional aspect. Appeal to the feelings and emotions of your audience.

3. A conclusion is the closing section of an argumentative essay that aims to wrap it up. In this section, the author should emphasize the reasons why his or her opinion is correct. The common rule is that a conclusion must contain only the information provided in the thesis statement and the main body.

The conclusion should remind the readership of the importance of the topic and restate your ideas. Restate the opposing views’ core points, and convince your audience to agree with your thoughts once again.

Topic ideas for an argumentative essay

We handpicked some ultimate topics for an argumentative essay that will guarantee a better result:

  1. Can music help people to resolve their inner conflicts?
  2. How to control social networks’ influence on modern teenagers?
  3. How to prevent Stockholm syndrome from developing?
  4. Are video games dangerous?
  5. Is Barack Obama a hero to Americans?
  6. How did COVID-19 influence world economics?
  7. How do vaccination habits relate to the nation’s survival?
  8. Is banning tobacco effective for countries’ economics?
  9. How can education enhance the growth of microeconomics?
  10. Should children be forcibly taken from incompetent parents?

Here are some more argumentative essay writing tips to improve your paper:

  • An effective argumentative essay of any type provokes the audience to agree with the author’s thoughts as well as to form their own opinion and research the subject deeply.
  • Use a variety of techniques to make your text vibrant. Those can be bright quotations, statistics, numbers, historical facts, and other topic-related data.
  • Never skip editing and proofreading. Your teacher will definitely appreciate this step. Use online resources such as Grammarly, Hemmingway, etc., to be confident in your grammar and spelling.
  • If you are not familiar with a topic, start your research with some argumentative essay examples related to your task or look for a free argumentative essay sample on the web.

Argumentative Essay Sample

Should Schools Do More to Stop Bullying?


One of the core functions of a school is to make concerted efforts to ensure that children have holistic and well-rounded growth. The findings from various researches indicate that bullying is not only a menace and a hindrance to a student’s well-being but also a constant issue that people come across even outside the school environment. Therefore, ensuring that there is no trace of bullying is just the beginning of the process. To ensure that children, and society in general, understand what culminates into bullying, find strategies to develop grit and resilience, and create safe space culture, schools ought to do more to stop bullying.

More Strategies for Schools

Bullying is a multifaceted concept. Broadly categorized, the signs and evidence of bullying are psychological, physical, and emotional. Moreover, the fact that the combination of physical, emotional, or mental types of bullying could be meted on one or more individuals makes the issue much more complicated (Boone, 2019). Coupled with the fact that people of different ages, gender, background, and developmental stages experience and react to bullying differently, the severity of the results of bullying could end up being fatal.

Consequently, a school should do more to stop bullying and mitigate the outcomes brought forth by circumstances of bullying. Constant education on the various definitions of bullying emerges as one of the main ways of creating awareness. Creating a culture where every individual is mindful of the well-being of others is also an additional item that school administrations need to include in the day-to-day strategies (Rivara & Menestrel, 2016). Additionally, treating each student uniquely based on their needs goes a long way to ensure that a student’s self-esteem acts as a tool to prevent the adverse effects of bullying.


Therefore, schools need to do more to prevent bullying. Some of the new things that schools should do include educating students on bullying, enhancing endurance and character among students, and create a safe space culture in schools. In so doing, schools will not only stop bullying but also mitigate the effects.


Bernal-Morales, B. (2018). Health and academic achievement. Norderstedt, Germany: BoD – Books on Demand.
Boone, C. (2019). Bullying in Schools: Prevention, gender differences and perspectives.
Rivara, F. P., & Menestrel, S. le. (2016). Preventing bullying through science, policy, and practice. National Academies Press.

Wrap Up

We hope these guidelines on writing an argumentative essay will help your texts become better. Remember to follow an appropriate structure and support your views with strong evidence. Become an expert on your argumentative essay topic and be able to convince your audience to join your thoughts.

Here at EssayShark, we strive to give you confidence in your assignments and lift your writing level in a helpful way. We cooperate with skilled authors who know how to write an excellent argumentative essay and make your most vivid dreams of a perfect academic performance come true. Our approach aims to give students the best result on any assignment they might get while studying at college or university.

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